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tv   Journal  PBS  August 8, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm PDT

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>> live from the dw studios here in berlin, this is the "journal here for -- "journal." serial's president shown on state television. flights are landing again in nairobi's international airport. and on a musical mission -- the arab youth orchestra striking a chord with european audiences.
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>> well, the message is clear -- the president is alive and well. >> syrian state television has shown president bashar al-assad attending prayers to mark the end of ramadan. >> residence in the capital confirm there was shelling in the area, and it remains impossible to determine if the footage was taken before or after the attack. >> the images on syrian state television were clearly designed to show that the president remains unharmed and still able to attend a large gathering in damascus. it was his third public appearance in recent days. the rebels said they attacked the president's motorcade while he was on his way to a mosque in the capital, a claim dismissed by assad's information minister.
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>> regarding what was said, i confirm to you that, of course, the news is completely untrue. this news just shows the false hopes of some media outlets and the governments who are behind them. >> assad was not the only one to put in a public appearance. the new head of the opposition syrian national council visited the southern city of toronto where the uprising first began. it was his first visit to serious since taking up the position, surrounded by armed rebels, he came out gifts of food and spent time talking to local people. celebrations across the country have been low-key at rest. many say their greatest wish is that life would return to normal. many children caught up in the idling can hardly remember what normal life is.
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>> to egypt now, and supporters of deposed president mohamed morsi have again been out in the streets protesting. there has been a festive atmosphere, but there is also rising tension following threats by the military to clear squares in cairo. >> tens of thousands of people rallied to camps set up by the muslim brotherhood in cairo. the brotherhood is maintaining the camps in defiance of an eviction order by the interim government. they vowed to stay put until morsi was reinstated. >> a suicide bomber has killed at least 28 people and wounded more than 50 others in pakistan. >> the attackers struck at the funeral of a policeman killed hours before. no one has claimed responsibility, but the taliban have carried out several bombings in the region in the past. security remains tight across
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year than. >> the government stepped up checks at key points, including the airport in response to the threat. yemen said al qaeda militants planned to seize to oil terminals and take hostages. the german embassy was also closed. >> kenya says it will fully reopen its main airport in nairobi in just a few hours. >> the airport was shut down on wednesday when a huge fire destroyed the arrivals hall. the cause of the fire is unknown. >> a large part of the international terminal has been completely destroyed. it is likely to be a long time before passengers are able to leave from this terminal, but some flights have resumed at part of the airport. early this morning, a plane landed from uganda carrying taurus who could hardly believe their luck.
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>> we thought we were going to be able to send him yesterday, and we could not believe it. they called us in the middle of the night and said, "the at the airport at 6:00 and you are on a plane." we are very happy to be here. we will be here for three weeks on safari. >> flights are being handled by the domestic terminal. passengers are also being processed in makeshift tents. the airport is east africa's biggest transport hubs and normally deals with some 16,000 passengers a day according to official figures. investigators are sifting through the remains of the international terminal. >> we are receiving assistance in the investigations from other agencies, international agencies . we want a full investigation on
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what happened yesterday. >> the government is keen not to waste any time with kenya's he tore his in season just getting under way. >> across the muslim world, festivities are being held to mark the end of the holy month of ramadan. >> celebrations bring together family and friends, and many travel long distances to be with their loved ones to mark this important holiday in the muslim calendar. >> in bangladesh, tens of thousands of people have been heading to their home villages to celebrate the festival. >> i'm going to my village. i'm trying to take a ferry, but the terminal is crowded, so i will take it owed to the ferry. >> bangladeshi rail authorities are running extra trains for the huge numbers of people traveling. >> i'm going to my home village to celebrate with my family, but the trains are overcrowded. i don't know how i will do it, but i'm going.
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>> in the world's most populous muslim country, indonesia, streets of the capital jakarta were deserted with many attending prayers. >> we hope that towards the end of the edict, people will achieve a higher consciousness and belief in their faith. >> in paris, the crowds were so large at the grand mosque that latecomers had to pray outside. here, too, the festival marked an opportunity to celebrate with loved ones. >> we will meet up with our families and friends and celebrate with them. today is a great day. >> around the world, muslims are using the occasion of eden -- ead to reflect, forgive, and celebrate. >> muslims in the northern city of hamburg are able to celebrate the end of from a non-without penalties at work or school. the city has reached an
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agreement with muslim communities to recognize islamic holidays officially. >> for the last month, they have been fasting. now, muslims in germany as well are celebrating the end of ramadan. mid day prayers are only sparsely visied. many are all of -- already celebrating at home with their families. >> you see people you would not otherwise see. >> the joy that we share and the warmhearted miss -- that is what we look forward to every year. >> in hamburg, agreements between the city government and muslim leaders mean that the festival is now officially honored in the city. muslims are entitled to a day of vacation at work, and children do not have to go to school. >> our holidays are on the calendar, so it is talked about in school and discussed and celebrated as well.
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>> the islamic community issued an open invitation to join the breaking of the fast. it's a tradition in hamburg and now reinforced by the new agreement. >> when we came up with this, i said that people would pay a lot of attention to this. this affects them. but actually, it is a pretty straightforward thing. >> the muslim festival, celebrated as another holiday in this german city. lex citizens of myanmar, formerly known as burma, have been commemorating the anniversary of student-led pro- democracy protests, which were brutally crushed and followed by decades of military rule. >> this is the first time that the anniversary has been openly celebrated since the country crackdown -- or cracked open, i should say, its doors to the craddick reform last year. >> communities from across the religious divide have come together to pray in the coastal
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city. they are remembering those who lost their lives during the uprising 20 years ago. on this day in 1988, students launched mass ministrations against the regime, but within hours, the military junta had moved in, brutally suppressing the protest. the demonstrations continued for another six weeks. more than 3000 people were killed. ang sung su chi emerged as an iconic figure of the resistance movement. on the 25th anniversary of the clampdown, she urged compatriots to continue waging a fight for democracy. >> when we were participating in the original revolution in 1980 eight, we used nonviolence and democracy as ways to get human rights. we wanted to build a democratic
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nation, and this goal is still not changed and will never be changed. >> as a sign of reconciliation, members of the government were invited to take part in commemorations. among them, high-ranking representatives of the old regime. but not everyone is ready to forgive. there's a long road ahead for myanmar on its way to democracy. >> georgia has been marking the fifth anniversary of the country's war with russia over the breakaway region of south of seti a -- a set just -- ossetia. >> activists from president mikheil saakashvili's party celebrated in the city which russia bombed during the fighting. the nations remain strained even today. >> neither side seems ready to completely bury the hatchet just yet, but there is at least one encouraging sign -- some
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cautious bilateral trade has resumed. >> back in russia after a seven- year ban. these women had almost forgotten how georgian wine tastes. even restaurants like this one in moscow have not been allowed to serve it since 2000 six, the official line being that it was in pure. >> example of politics interfering in our daily lives. it was not right. i like to drink georgian wine, in particular to accompany a georgian meal. >> our russian visitors missed the wine from my home, and the georgian vintners missed the market. >> georgian wine has returned to russian supermarkets as well. before the ban, 80% of georgian wine went to russia. seven years later, however, it is proving difficult to make a comeback.
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>> before the ban, georgian wine competed mainly with one from old over and ukraine. now the range is much larger in russia. there are wines from all over the world to choose from. >> he offers 12 varieties of wine at his restaurant, and he hopes the return of the wine will mark the beginning of lasting reconciliation between the countries. >> relatively calm waters in the mediterranean have led to an increase in the number of migrants seeking entry into italy. >> more than 300 refugees from africa reached the coast of sicily overnight. two people are reported being killed including a seven-year- old child. many of those seeking to cross used rubber dinghies and need to be rescued by the italian coast guard. >> wildfires are raging out of control in southern california, forcing the evacuation of several mountain villages and
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injuring at least three people. >> the fires have burned huge areas of wars and brush, sending up massive plumes of smoke -- the irish have burned huge areas of forest and rush -- the fires have burned huge areas of forest and brush. >> germany's soccer coach has named his squad to face paraguay and her family next wednesday. >> he called up for players from byron munich and i'm from dortmund for the match. lex all the players have appeared in international matches in the past. a few key names are missing, however. >> they will play a series of friendly matches before the 2014 world cup in brazil. >> coming up after the break, a unique musical project. we will introduce you to the
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arab youth orchestra that is winning plenty of raise here in europe. >> and obesity in mexico -- soft drinks are in the firing line there. >> stay with us. >> stay with us.
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>> welcome back. a story now of harmony coming out of a region of the world more often associated with social and political upheaval in recent times. 60 musicians from arab countries including egypt, syria, tunisia, and algeria, have performed together for an historic concert together in berlin. >> they call themselves the arab youth philharmonic orchestra, and they performed at berlin's famous concert house as part of the young euro classic festival. >> they come from places wracked by conflict, places like syria, egypt, iraq, and libya, but they
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are united by a love of music. the orchestra was started by an egyptian who wants to encourage young musicians and show them that religion and politics are unimportant when it comes to making music. >> every member of the orchestra has a role to play. that way, they complement each other, and that is good for these young people, especially in their private lives because the intensity with which they play and harmony and friendship affects their lives and their relationships with other people. >> many of them were forced to leave their homes, to flee from
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war and danger to study abroad. >> we are constantly waging war, but our weapon is the music. we are doing it for all serious. we do not distinguish between parties. we have one common goal, and that is to bring a little joy into every serious -- syrian's life. >> unfortunately, our regime does not do much for music. we have had to struggle, and it is still difficult for us to express ourselves through music. >> the idea is to perform compositions that combine and unite arabic and european music. >> i'm very happy that something i've dreamed about for years has now come true. we have performed seven times now since 2006.
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that fills me with pride. >> it's a dream come true for the young musicians as well and a chance to show that there's much more to the arab world than crisis and conflict. >> let's change the tune now, go to the business world. the u.s. authorities are investigating the country's biggest bank j.p. morgan on suspicion that it broke the law by selling subprime mortgages between 2005 and 2007. this move comes after the government filed a lawsuit against the bank of america earlier in the week for misleading investors about the real risk involved in putting money into mortgage-backed securities. investors lost hundreds of millions of dollars in those investments, but the bank claims it is not responsible for the subsequent property collapse which led to those massive
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losses. mexico's obesity rate is now higher than in the united states, and it is still on the rise. a united nations report has put mexico's obesity rate at the 32% of adults, making it the fattest country in the western hemisphere. >> diet and particularly the high consumption of sugary soft drinks are getting much of the blame, but the country's sotalol b is fighting back, saying that a lack of exercise and the country's love of fried foods are the real culprits. >> it may seem a little ironic, but members of the sotalol be have even launched a new health awareness campaign. -- members of the soda lobby. >> mexicans consume more soft drinks than anyone else in the world. big demand means good is this for international beverage companies, but the sugary beverages are dangerously high
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in calories. now a number of big brands have started a national campaign to promote more exercise and better nutrition in mexico. >> it is a marketing campaign. they are trying to deny there is a connection between drinking soft drinks and increase in illness. it is an attempt by these companies to try to present themselves as responsible businesses. >> a united nations report estimates around 1/3 are obese, which is even higher than in the united states. obesity contributes to serious diseases like diabetes, costing the national healthcare system billions, but the beverage industry denies there is a link between their products and obesity-related diseases. >> it is a complex problem, one that cannot be resolved today, tomorrow, or with passing a simple measure. second, it is a problem with multiple causes, and you cannot
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single out just one cause. >> a number of mexican soda pop drinkers have sued beverage companies for making them sick. they say the company should put health warning labels on their products. >> onto the markets, and for the first day of this week, blue chips in frankfurt managed to lock in some decent gains. our correspondence sent us the summary of the trading session from the frankfurt stock exchange. >> finally, earnings reports managed to beat analyst expectations. germany's second-largest bank returned to profit during the last quarter, and the bank announced that it does not need a capital increase, despite the fact that the bank has increased its risk revision, which means the bank fears that further loans might turn sour and have to be written off. stocks were big raiders this thursday, just as the stocks of deutsche telekom, which announced that it has gained
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several hundred thousand new customers in the united states. and telekom promises that this trend shall continue at t mobile usa. >> we stay in frankfurt for a closer look at thursday's numbers. the dax -- look at that. finally. by .7%. euro stoxx 50 doing even better. across the atlantic on wall street, the dow at this hour not doing quite as well, up i 0.18%, and the euro looking strong against the greenback, trading at a value of $1.3383. the czech republic is headed for early elections after the prime minister lost a vote of confidence. >> he was appointed by the president just last month against the will of a majority of legislators. the vote was the latest development in an ongoing power struggle between the czech
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president and parliament. >> the standup has paralyzed policymaking for nearly two months with the economy struggling to recover from recession. >> after the vote, the prime minister said he would stay in until a new cabinet was formed or elections were held. >> my cabinet will continue its work and fulfill the administration's basic tasks. >> he has lost parliamentary support but still has the backing of his old ally. the president appointed him last month after his predecessor resigned over corruption. legislators felt he had bypassed them, but he is sticking to his choice and stepped up pressure on parliament ahead of the confidence vote. >> i assure you that i will not appoint a new government in the coming weeks. even if one were to subject me
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to rack torture. >> even without parliamentary backing, the government will remain in place until early elections are held sometime in the next month and a half. >> well, delivering goods on time has been a bit tricky for traders in germany this week. several important shipping canals have been partially blocked two cargo ships because of renewed strikes by lock operators. >> the strike is said to last for the rest of the week. >> no ships will pass through here today. the lock system is not operating. the control rooms are empty. your's largest inland port has been brought to a standstill. the strike organizers say they want to put pressure on the government, which plans to cut 3000 jobs. >> we want a labor agreement. we want the plant personnel
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reductions to be done in cooperation with the trade union so that the impact is cushioned and people are not disadvantaged. >> right now, it is the shipping companies that are at a disadvantage. germany has some 7000 kilometers of waterways that transport 10% of all goods. in particular, coal, oil, and grain. shipping companies say they are losing 2000 euros a day per ship . >> we have been stuck here for nearly a week. i've got no income at all. i'm having to send my cruise home because i will not have the money to pay them at the end of the month. >> they are losing customers. customers are now getting their goods transported by rail or road while on the waterways, nothing is moving. >> it has been slightly smoother sailing in the san francisco bay in sailing.
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italy has launched up a lead in the competition that will decide who will challenge team oracle in the vestiges america's cup. >> artemis is struggling to get to grips with its new boat, which was only launched last month. the winners of this week's series face team new zealand in the finals. >> all right. they are more than books, somehow. they are not sailboats anymore. they are like race cars on the water. all right, you are up to date on the "journal peer cup -- "journal." we will see you next hour. captioned by the national captioning institute
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>> announcer: explore new worlds and new ideas through programs like this, made available for everyone through contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> cariou: murder, mystery, and mayhem abound in the small english coastal town of hastings. >> (screams) >> cariou: go behind the scenes with the writer, actors, and historian who make "foyle's war" the spellbinding mystery that it is. >> every day, hundreds of people are being killed, and yet a detective in england is being asked to solve one murder in an english library, somebody with a knife in their back. >> cariou: watch as master sleuth detective chief superintendent christopher foyle